Point of View // 01.09.2012

What a good way to start the year: Happy Centenary ANC!

Article by Aba H

Nelson Mandela, Oliver Tambo, Walter Sisulu. These have become household names pretty much every where in the world. Maybe what isn’t so well known is that these South African freedom fighters belong to the African National Congress, more commo

nly known as the ANC. Long before African countries started fighting for liberation the ANC (African’s oldest liberation movement) was started in 1912 with the mandate of fighting against the injustices of apartheid and white minority rule.

The ANC started out as the South African Native National Congress (SANNC) and was later changed to the African National Congress (ANC) in 1923. Mass resistance against apartheid was launched by the ANC in the 1950s through the Defiance campaign. This was largely through passive resistance until the 1960s when the movement became heavily militarised with increased violence as the movement faced violence from the apartheid government. With the burden of oppression and legalised racism, the means of violence justified the end.

The ANC took on a largely leftist approach in an effort to correct the inequality caused by the apartheid capitalist system.

The ANC joined a Tripartite Alliance with the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) and the South African Communist Party. The ANC inherited one of the worlds most divide nations and has been riddled with controversy over corruption allegations, the indiscipline of its members and disunity within the Alliance.

There’s a lot to be said but in spite of the challenges the ANC has faced in achieving its new mandate under democratic South Africa, we wish them a happy centenary! A lot has been achieved in Africa but we can’t relax, we still need to ensure equality and justice for a free Africa.

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